Adderall is a prescription drug used to treat conditions like Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Narcolepsy. Its main constituents are amphetamine and dextroamphetamine, which are central nervous system stimulants.
Adderall is a schedule II controlled substance; substances that have medicinal purposes but have a high potential for abuse and addiction.
Adderall comes in two forms: Immediate Release and Extended Release.
Who Abuses Adderall and Why?
Due to its stimulating aspects, Adderall commonly abused among college students and ambitious professionals. At low doses, Adderall improves one’s ability to focus and enhances alertness. This boosts productivity.
It also makes one social, energized and talkative. This is a desirable trait for young people.
Desirable Effects of Adderall
- Adderall is mainly abused due to its ability to boost cognitive skills and enhance productivity. Those who abuse Adderall report sharper focus and creativity as well as the ability to function with clarity.
This attribute makes it desirable for students. They believe that Adderall will help them cram for exams and also remember everything they have crammed once they get to the exam room.
- Adderall makes users more social. Since it is a stimulant, users get euphoric, are talkative, and have high energy levels. Adderall is, therefore, a drug of choice for party lovers.
- Adderall creates an illusion of wellness. It gives users the feeling that they are wiser and have better insights into the meaning of life
- Increased sexual stamina. The sexual energy, however, does not last and may be followed by low libido.
Undesirable Side Effects
- Circulatory problems
Adderall users are likely to experience numbness in the extremities. For example, numbness and discoloration of fingers and toes.
- Heart problems
Increased heart rate/ pounding heart which increases the risk of a heart attack, stroke, coma, or even death.
- Sleep Issues
Adderall users have issues falling asleep and remaining asleep.
- Heat stroke
Adderall has properties that mask fatigue, especially during exercise. This may make the user’s body to maintain high temperatures for a long time and can lead to heat stress or heart injury.
Many athletes who abused Adderall died due to sustained high blood pressure which led to heat stroke or heart attack.
- Skin Problems
An Adderall user is likely to have blistering or peeling of the skin, rashes, and hives.
Swelling of the face, eyes, tongue, and throat is also common. Hoarseness and trouble swallowing also come about.
- Feeling faint, seizures, dizziness or changes in vision.
- Weight loss
Nausea, loss of appetite, and vomiting are some of the severe side effects of Adderall abuse. An inability to feed well and keep nutrients in the body will result in malnutrition and weight loss.
- Mood Swings
Adderall can make the user shift from moments of extreme happiness to depressive episodes. In some instances, Adderall use has been linked to depression and Bi-polar conditions.
Irritability, agitation, panic attacks, as well as delusions and hallucinations, are likely among Adderall abusers.
- Dry mouth
Many people wrongly presume that Adderall is harmless. This is because Adderall is a prescription medicine and is also used by children.
This presumption is far from the truth as Adderall has severe side effects both in the short and long run.
Consult an addiction expert if you or someone you know is abusing Adderall.